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Welcome to the BATLab’s Weekly Lit Review, where every week we post peer-reviewed papers relevant to our research projects.

This week, take a look at this interesting paper published in: 2015 48th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) in 2016:

Key words: mHealth Intervention, HIV, Adherence


Methods: Qualitative research was conducted to adapt and develop an mHealth app for HIV patients with histories of substance abuse. The app provides reactive, visual representations of adherence rates, viral load and CD4 counts. Two sets of focus groups were conducted with 22 participants. The first concentrated on use of reminder system and opinions about ideal adherence features. Results informed adaptation of an existing system, which was then presented to participants in the second set of focus groups. We describe participant responses to candidate app characteristics and their understanding of the HIV disease state based on these changing images.

Results: Qualitative results indicate that a balance of provided and requested information is important to maintain interest and support adherence. App characteristics and information can provoke positive and negative reactions and these emotional responses may affect adherence.

Conclusion: User understanding of, and reaction to, app visual content was essential to adaptation and design.

This article was written by Rochelle K. Rosen, Megan L. Ranney, and Edward W. Boyer

Contributors are from:

  1. Behavioral & Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Brown School of Public Health, Providence, RI.
  2. Emergency Medicine, Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI.
  3. Emergency Medicine, UMASS Medical School.
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